TURKISH MUSIC DICTIONARY
In Turkish Classical Music, a note foreign to the scale of a makam.
A type of Kerem Havası (See Kerem Havası).
A folk poem or mani sung to a melody.
A modulation from one makam to another makam with a similar scale.
A makam with a similar scale relative to another makam.
To create a melody, to put words to music and create a new song.
A halay-type dance performed in Northern Anatolia and Azerbaijan, and the music that accompanies this dance.
A makam created by Dutch musicologist Woulter Swets.
Plaintive, intense. A musical performance of such quality.
A form of Kerem Havası (See Kerem Havası) with a melodic patern that resembles the makam Nikrîz, and uzun havas sung with this melody.
A compound makam once used in Turkish Classical Music. No examples have survived to the present.
A string instrument once used in Turkish Classical Music that resembled a santûr.
Bowed instruments, a term coined by scholars but unknown colloquially, for all the instruments played by a bow. Kemençe, Kabak Kemane, Tırnak Kemane, Nahora, Kemança etc.
A tanbûr played with a bow. This playing style was first created by Cemil Bey. Though there are master players today, it is thought of mostly as an instrument of the commercial scene.
A type of koşma meter in which mani verses are added between the lines.
A type of poetry in which manis featuring word play are added between the lines.
The note before the tonic, which tends toward resolution on the tonic.
1. In Turkish Classical Music, the note Re/D in the middle octave.
2. A compound makam used in Turkish Classical Music, formed by adding the Râst scale transposed to nevâ (Re/D) to the scale of the makam Nevâ. It is descending in character. Its tonic is nevâ (Re/D) and its dominant is dügâh (La/A). Its suspended cadences are the flavors Segâh or Ferahnâk on segâh (Si/B one koma flat) or the Segâh trichord, the Uşşâk, Râst and Bûselik tetrachord on dügâh, the Ferahnâk pentachord and the Segâh trichord on ırâk (Fa/F four komas sharp), as well as the Rast flavor on râst (Sol/g) and Uşşâk on hüseynî aşîrân (Mi/E).
The fast portion of Halays, Bars and Semâhs. Also Yelleme
1. Another name for the folk flute known as the çifte.
2. The old name for the reed pipe.
A string instrument once used in Turkish music. It is mentioned in Evliya Çelebi's travelogue, but aside from its name, we have no information about it.
A type of dümbelek used in Turkish music.
Local; a term often used in describing musical features unique to a particular area. Yerli Ağzı, Yerli Barı, Yerli Divanisi etc.
A word for song, türkü, melody among the Central Asian Turkic peoples. Also Ir.
Lit. "Road/Journey Air," the term for a song telling of a journey.
High in register.
A folk song sung in a high register.
A term indicating that a song or piece should be played quickly.
In Turkish Classical Music, a term meaning that the usûl is to be played quickly.
1. A minor usûl of Turkish Classical Music, formed by playing two measures of Semâî consecutively. It is generally written in 6/8. The 6/4 form is called Sengîn Semâî, and the 6/2 form, Ağır Semâî.
2. High form in Turkish Classical Music; the fastest of the high vocal forms.
Yürük Yürük Semâî
The fastest of the 6/8 form of Yürük Semâî.